2000 Our new millennium
Return To Planetary Cycles 2003
Listen to Ganymede's Magnetosphere
A solar eclipse is coming on Christmas Day, 2000. The winter landscape across parts of North America will assume an eerie cast, and cooler-than-usual winds might swirl, as the New Moon glides across the face of the Yuletide Sun.
And yet ANOTHER! coronal mass ejection that left the Sun on Thursday appears to be heading for Earth. The disturbance could trigger aurora late Saturday or(more likely) Sunday when it strikes our planet's magnetosphere. For details and animations please visit www.spaceweather.com
Near Earth Astroid coming soon!
Asteroid 4183 Cuno (1959 LM)
trajectories of Earth planetary encounter.
"Although we may never know with complete certainty the identity of the winner of this year's presidential election, the identity of the loser is perfectly clear. It is the nation's confidence in the judge as an impartial guardian of the rule of law.''
Justice John Paul Stevens, Dec. 12, 2000
The 43rd President : BUSH : Florida corruption : Supreme court
: political decisions : 4 years of comic relief! : ??????????????
A LAYMAN'S GUIDE TO THE SUPREME COURT DECISION IN BUSH V. GORE
by Mark H. Levine, Attorney at Law.
Q: I'm not a lawyer and I don't understand the recent Supreme Court decision in Bush v. Gore. Can you explain it to me?
A: Sure. I'm a lawyer. I read it. It says Bush wins, even if Gore got the most votes.
Q: But wait a second. The US Supreme Court has to give a reason, right?
Q: So Bush wins because hand-counts are illegal?
A: Oh no. Six of the justices (two-thirds majority) believed the hand-counts were legal and should be done.
Q: Oh. So the justices did not believe that the hand-counts would find any legal ballots?
A. Nope. The five conservative justices clearly held (and all nine justices agreed) "that punch card balloting machines can produce an unfortunate number of ballots which are not punched in a clean, complete way by the voter." So there are legal votes that should be counted but can't be.
Q: Oh. Does this have something to do with states' rights? Don't conservatives love that?
A: Generally yes. These five justices, in the past few years, have held that the federal government has no business telling a sovereign state university it can't steal trade secrets just because such stealing is prohibited by law. Nor does the federal government have any business telling a state that it should bar guns in schools. Nor can the federal government use the equal protection clause to force states to take measures to stop violence against women.
Q: Is there an exception in this case?
A: Yes, the Gore exception. States have no rights to have their own state elections when it can result in Gore being elected President. This decision is limited to only this situation.
Q: C'mon. The Supremes didn't really say that. You're exaggerating.
A: Nope. They held "Our consideration is limited to the present circumstances, or the problem of equal protection in election processes generally presents many complexities."
Q: What complexities?
A: They don't say.
Q: I'll bet I know the reason. I heard Jim Baker say this. The votes can't be counted because the Florida Supreme Court "changed the rules of the election after it was held." Right?
A. Dead wrong. The US Supreme Court made clear that the Florida Supreme Court did not change the rules of the election. But the US Supreme Court found the failure of the Florida Court to change the rules was wrong.
A: The Legislature declared that the only legal standard for counting vote is "clear intent of the voter." The Florida Court was condemned for not adopting a clearer standard.
Q: I thought the Florida Court was not allowed to change the Legislature's law after the election.
Q: So what's the problem?
A: They should have. The US Supreme Court said the Florida Supreme Court should have "adopt[ed] adequate statewide standards for determining what is a legal vote"
Q: I thought only the Legislature could "adopt" new law.
Q: So if the Court had adopted new standards, I thought it would have been overturned.
A: Right. You're catching on.
Q: If the Court had adopted new standards, it would have been overturned for changing the rules. And if it didn't, it's overturned for not changing the rules. That means that no matter what the Florida Supreme Court did, legal votes could never be counted.
A: Right. Next question.
Q: Wait, wait. I thought the problem was "equal protection," that some counties counted votes differently from others. Isn't that a problem?
A: It sure is. Across the nation, we vote in a hodgepodge of systems. Some, like the optical-scanners in largely Republican-leaning counties record 99.7% of the votes. Some, like the punchcard systems in largely Democratic-leaning counties record only 97% of the votes. So approximately 3% of Democratic votes are thrown in the trash can.
Q: Aha! That's a severe equal-protection problem!!!
A: No it's not. The Supreme Court wasn't worried about the 3% of Democratic ballots thrown in the trashcan in Florida. That "complexity" was not a problem.
Q: Was it the butterfly ballots that violated Florida law and tricked more than 20,000 Democrats to vote for Buchanan or Gore and Buchanan.
A: Nope. The Supreme Court has no problem believing that Buchanan got his highest, best support in a precinct consisting of a Jewish old age home with Holocaust survivors, who apparently have changed their mind about Hitler.
Q: Yikes. So what was the serious equal protection problem?
A: The problem was neither the butterfly ballot nor the 3% of Democrats (largely African-American) disenfranchised. The problem is that somewhat less than .005% of the ballots may have been determined under slightly different standards because judges sworn to uphold the law and doing their best to accomplish the legislative mandate of "clear intent of the voter" may have a slightly different opinion about the voter's intent.
Q: Hmmm. OK, so if those votes are thrown out, you can still count the votes where everyone agrees the voter's intent is clear?
Q: Why not?
A: No time.
Q: No time to count legal votes where everyone, even Republicans, agree the intent is clear? Why not?
A: Because December 12 was yesterday.
Q: Is December 12 a deadline for counting votes?
A: No. January 6 is the deadline. In 1960, Hawaii's votes weren't counted until January 4.
Q: So why is December 12 important?
A: December 12 is a deadline by which Congress can't challenge the results.
Q: What does the Congressional role have to do with the Supreme Court?
Q: But I thought ---
A: The Florida Supreme Court had earlier held it would like to complete its work by December 12 to make things easier for Congress. The United States Supreme Court is trying to help the Florida Supreme Court out by forcing the Florida court to abide by a deadline that everyone agrees is not binding.
Q: But I thought the Florida Court was going to just barely have the votes counted by December 12.
A: They would have made it, but the five conservative justices stopped the recount last Saturday.
A: Justice Scalia said some of the counts may not be legal.
Q: So why not separate the votes into piles, indentations for Gore, hanging chads for Bush, votes that everyone agrees went to one candidate or the other so that we know exactly how Florida voted before determining who won? Then, if some ballots (say, indentations) have to be thrown out, the American people will know right away who won Florida.
A. Great idea! The US Supreme Court rejected it. They held that such counts would likely to produce election results showing Gore won and Gore's winning would cause "public acceptance" and that would "cast a cloud" over Bush's "legitimacy" that would harm "democratic stability."
Q: In other words, if America knows the truth that Gore won, they won't accept the US Supreme Court overturning Gore's victory?
Q: Is that a legal reason to stop recounts? or a political one?
A: Let's just say in all of American history and all of American law, this reason has no basis in law. But that doesn't stop the five conservatives from creating new law out of thin air.
Q: Aren't these conservative justices against judicial activism? A: Yes, when liberal judges are perceived to have done it.
Q: Well, if the December 12 deadline is not binding, why not count the votes?
A: The US Supreme Court, after admitting the December 12 deadline is not binding, set December 12 as a binding deadline at 10 p.m. on December 12.
Q: Didn't the US Supreme Court condemn the Florida Supreme Court for arbitrarily setting a deadline?
Q: But, but –
A: Not to worry. The US Supreme Court does not have to follow laws it sets for other courts.
Q: So who caused Florida to miss the December 12 deadline?
A: The Bush lawyers who first went to court to stop the recount, the mob in Miami that got paid Florida vacations for intimidating officials, and the US Supreme Court for stopping the recount.
Q: So who is punished for this behavior?
A: Gore, of course.
Q: Tell me this: Florida's laws are unconstitutional, right?
Q: And the laws of 50 states that allow votes to be cast or counted differently are unconstitutional?
A: Yes. And 33 of those states have the "clear intent of the voter" standard that the US Supreme Court found was illegal in Florida.
Q: Then why aren't the results of 33 states thrown out?
A: Um. Because...um.....the Supreme Court doesn't say...
Q: But if Florida's certification includes counts expressly declared by the US Supreme Court to be unconstitutional, we don't know who really won the election there, right?
A: Right. Though a careful analysis by the Miami Herald shows Gore won Florida by about 20,000 votes (excluding the butterfly ballot errors).
Q: So, what do we do, have a re-vote? Throw out the entire state? Count all ballots under a single uniform standard?
A: No. We just don't count the votes that favor Gore.
Q: That's completely bizarre! That sounds like rank political favoritism! Did the justices have any financial interest in the case?
A: Scalia's two sons are both lawyers working for Bush. Thomas's wife is collecting applications for people who want to work in the Bush administration.
Q: Why didn't they recuse themselves?
A: If either had recused himself, the vote would be 4-4, and the Florida Supreme Court decision allowing recounts would have been affirmed.
Q: I can't believe the justices acted in such a blatantly political way.
A: Read the opinions for yourself: (December 9 stay stopping the recount),
and (December 12 final opinion)
Q: So what are the consequences of this?
A: The guy who got the most votes in the US and in Florida and under our Constitution (Al Gore) will lose to America's second choice who won the all important 5-4 Supreme Court vote.
Q: I thought in a democracy, the guy with the most votes wins.
A: True, in a democracy. But America is not a democracy. In America, in the year 2000, the guy with the most US Supreme Court votes wins.
Q: Is there any way to stop the Supreme Court from doing this again?
A: YES. No federal judge can be confirmed without a vote in the Senate. It takes 60 votes to break a filibuster. If only 41 of the 50 Democratic Senators stand up to Bush and his Supremes and say that they will not approve a single judge appointed by him until a President can be democratically elected in 2004, the judicial reign of terror can end... and one day we can hope to return to the rule of law.
Q: What do I do now?
A: E-mail this to everyone you know, and write or call your senator, reminding him that Gore beat Bush by several hundred thousand votes (three times Kennedy's margin over Nixon) and that you believe that VOTERS rather than JUDGES should determine who wins an election by counting every vote. And to protect our judiciary from overturning the will of the people, you want them to confirm NO NEW JUDGES until 2004 when a president is finally chosen by most of the American people.
After reaching a record-breaking size in mid-September, the ozone hole over Antarctica has made a surprisingly hasty retreat, disappearing completely by November 19, NASA scientists said.
The ozone hole waxes and wanes with the seasons every year, slowly vanishing as the Southern Hemisphere reaches the peak of its summer. But this year the hole closed up earlier than in recent years; for the last three years the hole has lingered on well into December.
Genetically-modified (GM) food has become a major health and environmental issue in the UK. It has sharply divided opinion, between those who believe the new technology will greatly enhance our lives and those who fear it will prove a scientific "advance" too far.
Amnesty International (AI) is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for human rights. AI's work is based on careful research and on the standards agreed by the international community. AI is independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion. AI mobilizes volunteer activists in more than 140 countries and territories in every part of the world.
Globalization and Human Rights
Uprisings in Indonesia and Nigeria, massive layoffs of miners in South Africa, and protests against child labor worldwide have all been reported as separate and distinct events. This primetime public television special explores how these and other current events are linked to the forces of "globalization," the economic engine that is transforming the world in its own image.
One World Net
Who wants to Forget?
IMPACT! The first of several coronal mass ejections (CMEs) now en route to Earth hit our planet's magnetosphere around 0530 UT on Nov. 26th. The solar wind velocity registered by NASA's ACE spacecraft soared from 350 km/s to nearly 500 km/s as the shock wave passed by. As many as five more CMEs are on the way; they will likely arrive at intervals of 6 to 12 hours for the next two days.
Major Radio Energy Blackouts caused by Two huge Solar Flares
SOLAR FLARES: This morning, two powerful solar flares triggered an ongoing radiation storm around Earth. The eruptions from a sunspot group near the center of the Sun's visible disk also launched two coronal mass ejections
toward our planet. Sky watchers should be alert for aurora when the CMEs strike Earth's magnetosphere later this weekend.
Thanksgiving November 2000 is a Political Turkey frozen in time's memory.
A roar of Silence floods over America......
What is REALLY GOING ON HERE????
............"Thinking about the broader and deeper aspects of American Values, our diversity and freedoom to be free from puritanical despots! To protect our environment and constitutional rights from the
BUSH Clan!!".........Chat room Chatter.com..
.....Making my blood run cold to imagine the Bushit Clan in control......
chat room chatter.com....
Previously unseen aspects of a light show in the sky known as an Earth Aura
have been filmed from space.
Global emissions of CO2 reached a new high of nearly 23 900 million tonnes in 1996 - nearly four times the 1950 total.
Without the Montreal Protocol, levels of ozone-depleting substances would have been five times higher by 2050 than they are today.
In 1996, 25 per cent of the world's approximately 4630 mammal species and 11 per cent of the 9675 bird species were at significant risk of total extinction.
If present consumption patterns continue, two out of every three persons on Earth will live in water-stressed conditions by the year 2025.
More than half the world's coral reefs are potentially threatened by human activities, with up to 80 per cent at risk in the most populated areas.
Exposure to hazardous chemicals has been implicated in numerous adverse effects on humans from birth defects to cancer. Global pesticide use results in 3 to 5 MILLION acute poisonings a year.
Some 20 per cent of the world's susceptible drylands are affected by human-induced soil degradation, putting the livelihoods of more than a BILLION! people at risk.
Is human activity warming the Earth or do recent signs of climate change signal natural variations?
In this feature article, scientists discuss the vexing ambiguities of our planet's complex and unwieldy climate.
Helping Ocean Algae Could Beat Greenhouse Effect
By Bill Rosato
LONDON (Reuters) - Scientists have ``fertilized'' the Southern Ocean to find out whether they could cut greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by stimulating the growth of algae that consume carbon dioxide, the journal Nature said on Wednesday.
Oceanic algae or plankton draw carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and convert it into carbohydrates via photosynthesis.
In 1990, U.S. scientist John Martin said iron availability limited the growth of plankton in the Southern Ocean and that fluctuating iron levels could cause global temperature changes.
Martin postulated that high iron levels would stimulate plankton growth, which in turn would remove greater amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere -- meaning that less warmth was trapped near the Earth by the greenhouse effect.
``Almost half of the photosynthesis on Earth is carried out by phytoplankton in the sea,'' Sallie Chisholm of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said in an accompanying article in Nature.
``These tiny cells play a huge part in the global carbon cycle and in regulating the climate by controlling the amount of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.''
To test the theories, Philip Boyd and colleagues from the New Zealand National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) added more than 8,600 kg (19,000 pounds) of an iron compound to a patch of the Southern Ocean.
``Increased iron supply led to elevated phytoplankton biomass (levels) and rates of photosynthesis in surface water, causing a large drawdown of carbon dioxide,'' Boyd said in Nature.
Previous theories held that for carbon dioxide to be removed, some of the plankton would have to sink into the deep ocean, taking it from the atmosphere for about 1,000 years, Chisholm said.
Due to the relatively short timescale of the Boyd experiment, ``there is no evidence that any of this carbon was exported to the deep ocean, as would be required for the drawdown of atmospheric carbon dioxide,'' Chisholm said.
Carbon Dioxide Removal Possible In Principle
Despite Boyd's findings, another paper in Nature concluded that carbon dioxide from the atmosphere could be removed by iron fertilization.
``The experiment...confirms that modest sequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide by artificial additions of iron to the Southern Ocean is in principle possible,'' Andrew Watson of the University of East Anglia in Britain said.
``It is probable that eventually there was removal of carbon from the surface layer, but how much and when is difficult to say because the ship could not stay with the bloom (of plankton) for the length of time needed to be sure,'' Watson told Reuters.
In a third paper, Edward Abraham from NIWA and colleagues showed that even a month after fertilization the plankton levels were elevated. A ``bloom'' of plankton 150 km (94 miles) long and four km wide was evident, Abraham said.
Despite the fact that iron fertilization could reduce greenhouse gas concentrations, Chisholm warns against it.
``Although seductive in its simplicity, in practice the idea would threaten the whole ocean ecosystem,'' Chisholm said.
``Artificial fertilization with iron would probably have many unintended side effects.''
Here comes the sun ...Again!!
Early this morning magnetic fields around sunspot AR9182 became unstable. A nearby solar filament explosively collapsed and a coronal mass ejection is now heading toward Earth. There could be aurora and other
geomagnetic disturbances later this week when the leading edge of the CME hits our magnetosphere.
NASA News Radiation Alert Under Ozone Hole in Southern Chile
PUNTA ARENAS, Chile (Reuters) - A wide swath of southern Chile was on alert Monday as dangerous levels of ultraviolet radiation hit peaks because of the depletion of the protective ozone layer over the Antarctic.
Health authorities warned the 120,000 residents of this wool and fishing city -- one of the few populated areas beneath the ozone hole in the southern hemisphere -- not to go out in the sun during the day.
Our planet is heading for a minefield of cosmic
dust streams laid down by periodic comet
the prelude to more powerful storms in 2001 and 2002. Although Europeans and North Americans will have the best chance to spot Leonids activity this year, meteor watchers everywhere should be on the alert. Brief flurries of shooting stars could materialize over any part of the globe between local midnight and dawn on November 17th and 18th.
Lost in space: Are they stars --
Eighteen giant balls of gas found drifting among the stars of the constellation Orion have astronomers debating: Are they orphaned planets or failed stars? Where did they come from? And what exactly is a planet, anyway?
The Global Extinction Crisis
A total of 11,046 species of plants and animals are threatened, facing a high risk of extinction in the near future, in almost all cases as a result of human activities. This includes 24 percent (one in four) of mammal species and 12 percent (one in eight) of bird species. The total number of threatened animal species has increased from 5,205 to 5,435.
This crisis is yet one more global alarm!
Add that to the rapid global warming, a major Ozone depleation hole over antartica and a maximum solar flare period.
We believe this is the Time to shift into Hi-Psi Grokking.
For those who are ready, the first step may be in gaining the awareness and experiencing the PSI-MIND.
Our solution, is to begin the necessary inner mental and emotional preperations by "Becoming" aware of your Quantum Mind 2000.
Special video available: E-mail email@example.com
At 5:30 a.m. local time the planets Jupiter and Saturn, the red star Aldebaran, and the delicate Pleiades form an eye-catching rectangle nearly overhead at mid-northern latitudes.
It's enough to make hurried travelers forget their cell phones! Southbound motorists are likely to see the constellation Orion astride the southeastern horizon not far from low-hanging Sirius, the brightest star in the sky. Sirius is so bright that it's often mistaken for an airplane, but watch carefully. If it doesn't move it is probably the Dog Star.
No fewer than 3 coronal mass ejections appear to be heading toward Earth following solar eruptions on Friday and Saturday. The CMEs could trigger aurora at middle-latitudes when they arrive during the next few days.
Aurora Gallery, which includes photo settings that worked well during the geomagnetic storm of August 12, 2000.
Also, the bright Near-Earth asteroid 2000 RD53 will fly by our planet on September 17, barely 11 times farther away than the Moon.
Amateur astronomers with 8 inch or larger telescopes can spot the space rock as it
zooms by. (Note: There is no relationship between the asteroid and the CMEs.)
La Niña has faded away, but will weather
patterns change? Some scientists expect the
Pacific Decadal Oscillation to pick up where La
Niña left off.
The largest ozone hole ever observed has opened up over Antarctica,
Earthquakes in California
METEOR OUTLOOK: (August 11 - 18) The Perseid meteor shower is growing in strength as it heads for a maximum of 50 or more meteors per hour before dawn on August 12, 2000
GEOMAGNETIC STORM ALERT: A geomagnetic storm is in progress. At 1600 UT (noon EDT) on August 10th, the interplanetary magnetic field in the neighborhood of Earth developed a strong and persistent southward-pointing component.
DNA Motors Promise Faster, Smaller Electronics
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic material inside the nucleus of a cell that carries instructions for making living things.
4.9 million people homeless
The rate of illness rose in Bihar, because no fresh water was available. People stranded in trees or on house tops were drinking the flood waters full of sludge and sewage. Hundreds of children and elderly people in makeshift relief camps on higher national highways were suffering from dysentery, diarrhea and other waterborne diseases.
FBI Carnivore e-mail surveillance system.
The Carnivore system has software that scans and captures ``packets,'' the standard unit of Internet traffic, as they travel through an internet service provider's network. The FBI installs a Carnivore unit at a provider's network station and configures it to capture only e-mail to or from someone under investigation.
Scientists to capture atoms of antimatter
Scientists have been puzzling for years over the disappearance of antimatter. The Big Bang should have created the same amount of matter and antimatter, and in principle the two should have wiped each other out.
But somehow there was enough matter left over to create the universe, and antimatter only exists now in cosmic rays and particle accelerators.
What does the evidence for new worlds mean to the
Western USA Fires out of control.
Army sending more troops to Western
Global Warming & Ice Ages
caused by Precession.
What Uncle Sam Really Wants
The War on Drugs
Huge New Telescope to Boost Hunt for Alien Life
With millions of dollars in funding pledged by two of the men behind software giant Microsoft, the search for intelligent life on other planets got a big boost Tuesday as officials unveiled plans for a massive new telescope to scan the skies.
The Allen Telescope Array -- named for Microsoft Corp. co-founder Paul Allen, who put up $11.5 million for the project -- will be ``the world's most powerful instrument designed to seek out signals from civilizations elsewhere in our galaxy,'' the SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) Institute said.
Concorde Fireball Kills 113, No Survivors
GONESSE, France (Reuters) - An Air France Concorde taking mostly German tourists to a holiday of a lifetime crashed in a ball of fire minutes after it left Paris Tuesday, killing all 109 people on board and four more on the ground.
Rescue services said five people had also been injured when the supersonic airliner, bound for New York's John F Kennedy airport, plunged earthwards into a hotel in the town of Gonesse, four miles southwest of Charles de Gaulle airport.
House Passes Anti-Poverty Initiative
The House of Representatives on Tuesday approved billions of dollars in tax breaks and other incentives to boost business investment and housing development in poor communities overlooked by the booming U.S. economy. The legislation, passed on a vote of 394-27, was the result of a rare bipartisan agreement between Republicans who control the House and President Clinton.
The bill would strengthen an existing program for poor community development and create 40 new renewal zones across the country that would be eligible for tax breaks, regulatory relief, environmental help, business loan guarantees and home ownership incentives.
Clinton hailed the House action, saying the bill will help spur private investment in economically depressed areas.
``At a time of unprecedented prosperity, too many Americans in our cities and rural areas still do not have access to investment capital and economic opportunity,'' Clinton said in a statement.
Astrophysicist Lake will explore inner space of DNA
3 others from UW will also work with Hood
The Human Genome Project has been called biology's equivalent of the 1960s race to put a man on the Moon, so nobody should be very surprised that Dr. Leroy Hood has recruited a rocket scientist to help him decipher the genetic code.
Dr. George Lake, a University of Washington astrophysicist and a NASA project leader in supercomputing, has decided to leave his UW position and, along with three other UW faculty, join Hood in his new private research venture in Seattle.
"It's a career change to be sure," Lake said. The challenge for biology today, he said, is one of data management and analysis. So Lake plans to shift his digital talents from the stars to the inner space of human genes and cells.
"It should be very challenging," he said.
Hood, a pioneer of the automated DNA sequencing machines that made the massive genome project possible, left the UW in December in frustration with university constraints on his work
The Greens Paper
17th Moon for Jupiter found
Astronomers have discovered what could be a 17th moon for Jupiter, the first previously unknown satellite for the big planet in more than a quarter century.
Known for now only as S/1999 J1, the jovian moon is perhaps 3 miles across, making it the smallest moon ever found for any of the major planets in our solar system.
Thinning Ice Signals Global Warming
The massive ice sheet that blankets much of Greenland is thinning rapidly around its edges, a key sign of global warming, a NASA scientist said.
Enough of Greenland's ice sheet is lost each year to raise the global sea level by a tiny bit, five-thousands of an inch annually, not sufficient to worry the world's coastal dwellers.
But if all of the ice sheet melted, it could raise the world sea level by 7 yards, according to an article published on Thursday in the journal Science, where the findings by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration team were also published.
Comet Linear is expected to become a faint naked-eye object similar in appearance to the Andromeda Nebula as it glides by the Big Dipper this month.
NOAA Space Weather Scales
Classification of the magnetic character of sunspots according to rules set forth by the Mount Wilson Observatory in California.
alpha: A unipolar sunspot group.
beta: A sunspot group having both positive and negative magnetic polarities (bipolar), with a simple and distinct division between the polarities.
gamma: A complex active region in which the positive and negative polarities are so irregularly distributed as to prevent classification as a bipolar group.
beta-gamma: A sunspot group that is bipolar but which is sufficiently complex that no single, continuous line can be drawn between spots of opposite polarities.
delta: A qualifier to magnetic classes(see below) indicating that umbrae separated by less than 2 degrees within one penumbra have opposite polarity.
beta-delta: A sunspot group of general beta magnetic classification but containing one (or more) delta spot(s).
beta-gamma-delta: A sunspot group of beta-gamma magnetic classification but containing one (or more) delta spot(s).
gamma-delta: A sunspot group of gamma magnetic classification but containing one (or more) delta spot(s).
Physicists Detect Last of the 12 Basic Particles
Science: International team will announce discovery of the elusive
tau neutrino --a subatomic loner in the world of matter. An international team of physicists will announce today that they have finally snared the tau neutrino--the last and most elusive of the 12 fundamental particles that make up all matter.
*_* Light May Break Its Own Speed Limit
Scientists have apparently broken the universe's speed limit. For generations, physicists believed there is nothing faster than light moving through a vacuum - a speed of 186,000 miles per second. But in an experiment in Princeton, N.J., physicists sent a pulse of laser light through cesium vapor so quickly that it left the chamber before it had even finished entering.The pulse traveled 310 times the distance it would have covered if the chamber had contained a vacuum. Researchers say it is the most convincing demonstration yet that the speed of light - supposedly an ironclad rule of nature - can be pushed beyond known boundaries, at least under certain laboratory circumstances.
Solar Flare Could Disrupt Power Saturday, U.S Says
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A huge solar flare produced by a large sunspot group is expected to produce a geomagnetic storm that could disrupt electric power grids and satellite operations, U.S. government scientists predicted on Friday.
A powerful shock wave from the fast-moving July 14th coronal mass ejection has arrived in the neighborhood of Earth. An extreme geomagnetic storm was underway at 1900 UT (3:00 p.m. EDT) on July 15th. If conditions persist as they are now, aurora could be visible at middle (and
possibly even equatorial) latitudes. The best time to view aurora is usually near local midnight. In this case, sky watchers are advised to look for aurora as soon as night falls. For more information and updates please visit
Sawtek Introduces HAZMATCAD, the World's First Dual Technology, SAW-Based Hazardous Material Chemical Agent Detector
Sawtek Inc. (Nasdaq: SAWS ), through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Microsensor Systems, Inc. (MSI), today introduced HAZMATCAD(TM), the world's first dual technology, SAW-based hazardous material chemical agent detector.
This weekend the Moon, the Sun and the Earth will
align for the longest total
lunar eclipse in 140
years. The best places to see the event are in
and around the Pacific Ocean, including Hawaii
and Australia. Observers along the west coast of
North America will be able to see a partial
eclipse just before the Moon sets on Sunday
morning. During totality skywatchers may also be
able to spot the asteroid 4 Vesta, which
coincidentally makes a rare appearance as a
naked-eye object during the days around the
Whenever there's an eclipse of either the Sun or the Moon, you can usually count on one or two eclipses of the other variety to be hovering in the wings just two weeks before and/or after. There's a good reason for this. Both kinds of eclipses occur when the Moon lies close to the ecliptic, the line marking the Sun's path around the constellations. If the Moon is there when it's full, we get a lunar eclipse; if the Moon is near the ecliptic when new, we get a solar eclipse. (In fact, this is why early astronomers named the Sun's path the ecliptic.) And whenever the Moon is close to the ecliptic on one side of its orbit, it will be fairly close to it when on the opposite side of its orbit two weeks earlier and later.
July brings a fine example, with three eclipses happening in one calendar month. In North America, however, only people in the Far West and Northwest will catch part of any of them.
The first of the three events comes on July 1st: a partial solar eclipse visible only from the southern end of South America and a remote stretch of the South Pacific. The next two are considerably more interesting.
Total Eclipse of the Moon, July 16th
Hawaii, the Pacific Ocean, the Far East, and Australia are the best places to be for this grand lunar eclipse. But early-rising skywatchers near the West Coast of the United States can catch its beginning stages. Look low in the southwest as dawn begins to break on Sunday morning, July 16th, to see the Moon becoming partially eclipsed as it sinks toward the horizon and disappears into the growing light of day.
Hawaiian skywatchers get a fine view of the entire total eclipse during the dark early-morning hours; dawn doesn't brighten until well after the total eclipse ends, when the last partial stage is just about done. Australia gets the eclipse late in the evening hours of the 16th (local date) and the middle of the night. For the Far East it occurs conveniently early on the evening of the 16th, when lots of people will be up and watching.
This eclipse is especially noteworthy because the Moon passes almost dead center through the Earth's shadow, as shown on the previous page. As a result totality lasts unusually long, 1 hour 47 minutes. This is the longest total lunar eclipse since August 13, 1859, according to the Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus, and the longest the Earth will see again until sometime after the year 3000!
Even when the Moon is right in the center of the Earth's shadow, however, it will probably glow fairly bright orange-red, judging from its appearance during the last lunar eclipse on the night of January 20–21. This is quite a change from the dark brown or reddish black the eclipsed Moon displayed in 1992 and 1993. The reason for the change is the current clarity of the Earth's upper atmosphere, which always refracts some reddened sunlight into our planet's shadow. For a few years following a major volcanic eruption, such as that of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991, dust hangs in the upper atmosphere and dims the light that makes its way to an eclipsed Moon. (The March 31st eruption of Usu in northern Japan is probably too small and too recent to affect the July eclipse.)
If you're not in the right part of the world to see the eclipse, several organizations will attempt to broadcast the eclipse live via the Internet:
LIVE! ECLIPSE, from Japan and Australia
Association Reunionnaise pour l'Etude du Ciel Austral, from Reunion Island
Astro Webcam, from the Philippines
Calwell Lunar Observatory, from Australia
StarDome Observatory, from New Zealand
Partial Eclipse of the Sun, July 30th
Late on Sunday afternoon, July 30th, the new Moon skims across the northern edge of the Sun as seen from Alaska, western Canada, and the northwestern United States. For Americans northwest of a line from Montana through central California, the setting Sun will show at least a small dent in its top or upper right side. Seattle gets a fine show, with 31 percent of the Sun's diameter being covered around 8:10 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time (3:10 Universal Time July 31st) a little before sunset. Use the map at left to find the circumstances of deepest eclipse at your site.
Left: Use this map to find the circumstances of the July 30th partial solar eclipse at your site. Interpolate between the yellow lines to find the eclipse magnitude (the maximum percent of the Sun's diameter the Moon will cover), the blue lines to find the Universal Time (July 31st) when this occurs, and the orange lines to find whether the eclipse will still be in progress at sunset. Click on image for full-sized view.
A partial solar eclipse can threaten people's eyesight by inducing them to stare at the bright Sun. But sometimes the setting Sun is so deeply dimmed and reddened that people routinely gaze at it without a second thought. Sunset conditions vary greatly, so discretion is advised. If the Sun is bright enough to be uncomfortable to look at -- almost certainly the case when it's more than a couple of degrees off the horizon -- use a safe solar filter. If you do look at a dull red Sun with unprotected eyes, keep your looks short.
This event offers a chance for spectacular photography. Use a long lens (150 to 1,000 millimeters focal length) to make the Sun's image appear reasonably large, and try a variety of exposure times. Again, use a safe filter if the Sun is bright.
If the sky is cloudy that afternoon, you won't have long to wait for your next chance. The Sun will again be partially eclipsed -- this time for almost all of North America, Mexico, and the Caribbean -- on Christmas Day.
The Vincent van Gogh Information Gallery. For more than four years now I've worked hard to ensure that this website remains the most thorough and comprehensive Van Gogh resource on the World Wide Web. To the right is a table detailing the contents of the entire site. I'm proud to say that I have the privilege of displaying 100% of Vincent van Gogh's works and letters--a complete, online catalogue raisonné of Van Gogh's oeuvre. As you explore these pages, you'll see the culmination of thousands of hours of work. But that's just the beginning . . . .
Geomagnetic Field: Storm Warning
Coronagraphs on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory recorded a fast-moving full halo coronal mass ejection on July 11th. Solar wind disturbances from that explosion and others could arrive at our planet within 48 to 72 hours. Forecasters estimate a 40% chance of major
geomagnetic activity on July 14, 2000.
USA Night Glow
Night Glow News
July 4 - Much more than fireworks - A deep abiding appreciation
Have you ever wondered what happened to the 56 men who signed the Declaration of Independence?
Five signers were captured by the British as traitors, and tortured before they died.
Twelve had their homes ransacked and burned.
Two lost their sons serving in the Revolutionary Army; another had two sons captured.
Nine of the 56 fought and died from wounds or hardships of the Revolutionary War.
They signed and they pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor.
What kind of men were they?
Twenty-four were lawyers and jurists.
Eleven were merchants, nine were farmers and large plantation owners; men of means, well educated. But they signed the Declaration of Independence knowing full well that the penalty would be death if they were captured.
Carter Braxton of Virginia, a wealthy planter and trader, saw his ships swept from the seas by the British Navy. He sold his home and properties to pay his debts, and died in rags.
Thomas McKeam was so hounded by the British that he was forced to move his family almost constantly. He served in the Congress without pay, and his family was kept in hiding. His possessions were taken from him, and poverty was his reward. Vandals or soldiers looted the properties of Dillery, Hall, Clymer, Walton, Gwinnett, Heyward, Ruttledge, and Middleton. At the battle of Yorktown, Thomas Nelson Jr, noted that the British General Cornwallis had taken over the Nelson home for his headquarters. He quietly urged General George Washington to open fire. The home was destroyed, and Nelson died bankrupt.
Francis Lewis had his home and properties destroyed. The enemy jailed his wife, and she died within a few months.
John Hart was driven from his wife’s bedside as she was dying. Their 13 children fled for their lives. His fields and his gristmill were laid to waste. For more than a year he lived in forests and caves, returning home to find his wife dead and his children vanished. A few weeks later he died from exhaustion and a broken heart.
Norris and Livingston suffered similar fates.
Such were the stories and sacrifices of the American Revolution. These were not wild-eyed, rabble-rousing ruffians. They were soft-spoken men of means and education. They had security, but they valued liberty more. Standing tall, straight, and unwavering, they pledged:
“For the support of this declaration, with firm reliance on the protection of the divine providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor.”
They gave you and me a free and independent America. The history books never told you a lot about what happened in the Revolutionary War. We didn’t fight just the British. We were British subjects at that time and we fought our own government!
Saturday July 1 1:42 AM
Walter Matthau Dies at 79, Goodbye Oscar Madison :>(
Immortality Chip? First use to Restore Sight?
Implanted in People
Immortality Herbs? Chinese medical researchers say they have found herbal medicines effective in slowing down the inexorable process of aging.
Chinese Researchers Test 'Life-Extending' Formulas
- The fountain of youth, the age-old dream, may not be out of reach.
A dangerous new stage in America's AIDS epidemic.
New HIV Infections Soar in San Francisco
Opposition Candidate Wins in Mexico
MEXICO CITY (AP) - Vicente Fox, a tough-talking former Coca-Cola executive, shattered the governing party's 71-year hold on the presidency in a stunning electoral victory that marked a climax in Mexico's transition to democracy.
The PRI lost not only the presidency, but almost everything else as well. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador of Democratic Revolution won Mexico City's mayorship. National Action captured the governorship of Morelos state from the PRI and held onto the governorship of Fox's home state, Guanajuato.
Human DNA code completed
Human Genome Project public consortium today announced that it has assembled a working draft of the sequence of the human genome -- the genetic blueprint for a human being.
Full Moon Solstice
NASA Photographs Show Signs of Water on Mars
Sugar in Space
Scientists have discovered glycolaldehyde, a molecular cousin to table sugar, in an interstellar molecular cloud.
e-signature bill a sign of changing times.
A digital signature (not to be confused with a digital certificate) is an electronic rather than a written signature that can be used by someone to authenticate the identity of the sender of a message or of the signer of a document. It can also be used to ensure that the original content of the message or document that has been conveyed is unchanged. Additional benefits to the use of a digital signature are that it is easily transportable, cannot be easily repudiated, cannot be imitated by someone else, and can be automatically time-stamped.
Hashing is the transformation of a string of characters into a usually shorter fixed-length value or key that represents the original string. Hashing is used to index and retrieve items in a database because it is faster to find the item using the shorter hashed key than to find it using the original value.
Another major solar flare
On June 10 at 1700 UT (1:00 p.m. EDT), active region 9026 produced an M5-class solar flare. The eruption was accompanied by a partial halo coronal mass ejection (CME) that might be Earth-directed. Material from the CME, which is travelling at 700 km/s, would arrive in the vicinity of our planet on June 12 or 13. The many speckles and meteor-like streaks in the SOHO coronagraph animation are caused by energetic particles from the flare striking the spacecraft's electronic camera.
Another interplanetary shock wave hits Earth
Sky watchers should be on the lookout for aurora borealis beginning after sunset on Thursday, June 8. With a second CME on the way (see below), northern lights are possible (but certainly not guaranteed) every night from June 8 to 11, 2000. The best time to look for aurora is usually during the hours around local midnight
Interplanetary shock wave hit Earth's magnetosphere
Thursday June 8, 2000
This morning an interplanetary shock wave hit Earth's magnetosphere
triggering aurora over some parts of our planet. In this episode of
Thursday's Classroom, students can learn more about space storms and
by calculating the speed of a coronal mass ejection, playing Sunspot
Twister, or producing their own Space Weather report.
Solar Storm Warning
An interplanetary shock wave from a
solar coronal mass ejection is expected to pass our planet this Thursday.
Goodbye old Friend... :>(
Compton Gamma Ray Observatory:
Goddard Space Flight center
Compton Gamma Ray Orbiter Makes Fiery Pacific Splash
A 200 metric ton
rock from space streaked across the skies of western Canada on January 18, 2000....The latest news!
Human Cells Know their way!
Swedish scientists said they found that adult stem cells, the seed cells from which all other cells arise, can find their
own way in the body.
Christmas Star shines upon Earth
Black Hole is found
Faith is born! One Billionth birth in India.
With the birth of a baby girl named Astha - 'Faith' in Hindi - India's population officially hit 1 billion today, an event marked with fanfare and concern over the nation's too-rapid growth.
"Amazing Moments To View"
GEOMAGNETIC STORM is expected sometime on May 11 or 12 as the result of a partial halo coronal mass ejection...
FIRESTORMSswepting through the abandoned streets of Los Alamos and suburban White Rock today, burning as many as 400 homes, some down to their foundations, while frustrated firefighters braced for wind gusts up to 60 MPH.
Los Alamos Fire
The White House said it believed the nuclear weapons laboratory at Los Alamos was safe from a Raging Fire that forced the evacuation of 11,000 residents from the New Mexico town.
Whats Going on!
Educate UR Real Eyes:*_*
spirituality community discussion boards!
Eight New Possible Planets Detected
May 5, 2000 is a red-letter day for many astronomy enthusiasts thanks to the upcoming alignment of five planets with the Sun and the Moon. Unfortunately, the alignment won't produce much of a sky show. The Sun will be right in the middle of the cluster -- blinding sunlight will make it nearly impossible to see the other members of the planetary
Stick around for about 3 billion years, and you should be in for a
The universe is flat! Jupiter protects Earth!
Astronomy and Space
Photonic computers that will operate at picoseconds.
Can we now live for 100's of years?
Go to Consciousness studies
Years ago, most scientists believed that Earth was surrounded by an empty, unchanging vacuum. The launch of the first satellites in the 1950's changed all that. Now we know that space is filled with debris from disintegrated comets, an ever-changing million mile-per-hour solar wind, radiation belts and auroral fountains. Solar flares and coronal mass ejections can lead to poor radio communications or disrupted power grids here on Earth. Potential hazards to astronauts or satellites in space can be even more serious.
Space weather is a relatively new field of science dedicated to the study of these interactions between the Sun and the Earth. Practitioners of space weather attempt to predict solar flares, coronal mass ejections, geomagnetic storms and other space-related phenomena.
An interplanetary shock wave passed by Earth.
Area 51 Satellite Photos Released.
Solar storm hits Earth: US/Global Financial Networks collapse:
IMF, World Bank Protested in Washington DC.
Massive Rally and Non-Violent
Protest at the IMF & World Bank in Washington DC Sun-Mon April 16-17
Magnetic Field picks Super Bowl Results!
When two objects are separated by an empty space and attempt to exert force upon each other, the properties of a magnetic field exist. If these objects are placed within a magnetic field the phenomenon of magnetism can be demonstrated. Once magnetized, the force generated by each object can be quantified and recorded.........
A major geomagnetic storm hit our planet on Thursday after an interplanetary shock wave passed by Earth on April 6, 2000. Displays of aurora borealis were spotted in Europe, Asia, Canada,Alaska and in the continental US as far south as North Carolina.
Scientists Warn of Solar Storm
Brushfires in the Sky
Stargazers around the globe were treated to an unexpected and rare display of red-colored aurora on April 6-7, 2000.
Three planets and the thin crescent Moon are going to put on a memorable sky show when the quartet converge inside a circle just 9 degrees across.
The April 6 grouping of Mars, Jupiter and Saturn is just the prelude to a grander alignment on May 5, 2000. On that date, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn will all converge in an area of the sky less than 25 degrees across. Unfortunately, the spectacle will be lost in the glare of the Sun, which will be right in the middle of this planetary get-together!
Planets in alignment
Why is NASA destroying the Compton?
Compton Gamma-ray Observatory is destined for a watery grave in the remote Pacific on June 3, 2000. At a press conference today, NASA officials cited human safety concerns in explaining their decision to de-orbit the satellite.
Sacred white buffalo killed
World's Oceans Warming
Scientists have discovered a significant, even surprising, warming of the world's oceans over the past 40 years, providing new evidence that computer models may be on target when they predict the Earth's warming.
Antarctica Just Got Smaller
Scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have been keeping their eyes on a 4,200-square-mile iceberg that peeled off Antarctica's Ross Ice Shelf Thursday.
Gamma Ray: Mysterious objects found.
The exotic world of
gamma-ray astronomy has taken yet another surprising turn with the revelation that half the previously unidentified high-energy gamma ray sources in our own galaxy,the Milky Way, actually comprise a new class of mysterious objects.
"These are objects we've never seen before," says one NASA scientist.
The large sunspot 8906 has developed a beta-delta magnetic field with tight gradients. This makes it a likely site for M-class solar flares. Because it is near the center of the Sun's visible disk, any solar flares or coronal mass ejections from this region are likely to be Earth-directed.
The winter of 1999-2000 was the warmest winter in the United States since the government began keeping records 105 years ago, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said on Friday.
U.S. Records Warmest Winteron Record - NOAA
Global Warning...Is the Planet
In Pain And growing out of balance?
As the sun sets, you might try staring into the night-time sky. Several times in the past few months, observers have seen "noctilucent clouds" which develop about 80 kilometres above the Earth's surface, clouds so high that they reflect the sun's rays long after nightfall.
They're spectacular - and they're also out of place.
Spring comes a week earlier across the Northern Hemisphere than it did just 30 years ago.
Severe rainstorms have grown by almost 20 per cent, precisely what you'd expect on a planet where warmer air can carry more water vapour.
A sonar survey conducted this summer shows that the Arctic ice sheet is in many places 1.1 metres thinner than its normal 3.4 metres.
Warmer waters have bleached coral reefs around the globe.
Glaciers are melting.
Sea levels are rising.
Polar Substorm Hits Earth
Last week, NASA's Polar satellite spotted a geomagnetic storm triggered by a gust of solar wind.
Telescopes on Earth and in space are still tracking a tremendous
cosmic explosion first detected on March 1, 2000.
Goddard Space Flight Center
New Mozambican Floods
MAPUTO, Mozambique (Reuters) - The United Nations made an urgent appeal Sunday for more helicopters and aircraft to help flood victims in Mozambique as rescuers scrambled to pluck stranded villagers from trees, rooftops and power pylons................ By Emelia Sithole
41 Shots.org 41 SHOTS .....USA Constitution riddled with holes.......
NEW YORK (Reuters) - Politicians joined thousands of demonstrators on Sunday in a third straight day of
protests against the acquittal of four police officers who killed an unarmed African immigrant a year ago in a hail of gunshots.
...... By Chris Michaud
Allegations that a U.S.-led spy network
snoops on billions of private phone calls, faxes and e-mails have inspired sharp criticism in Europe, with officials calling the reports shocking and warning people to be wary about what they say electronically.
Philippine Volcano Erupts, 30,000 Flee Homes
A wave of plasma and magnetic fields from a Feb. 17 coronal mass ejection passed by Earth on Feb. 20, 2000. Geomagnetic activity is up, but this event may not cause significant aurora.
A Coronal Hole Targets Earth
High speed solar wind particles from a large coronal hole
are buffeting Earth's magnetosphere.
USA - The Land of the Free????
The USA Prison Mandate
USA Prisons An egregious act of terrorism hiding behind the color of Law for profit and mass social control...Read and learn of the awful horrifying Truth ???
Here Comes the Sun
a coronal mass ejection that appears to be headed directly for Earth. Geomagnetic activity, including aurora, may be observe beginning February 19th or 20th.
Nine Days Later:
February 21, 2000
Interplanetary Shock Wave Passes Earth
Space Shuttle Starts 3-D
Who'sComing to Breakfast?:
A coolBlack Hole Found
Goddard Space Flight Center's
Lunar Eclipse Information.
As an added byproduct of the new energy hitting the planet, individuals who are attuned will find themselves moving to higher levels of intuition. They will experience the increase in any number of ways such as, more frequent and vivid dreams, an increase in creativity, an ability to solve problems or make decisions more easily, and for some, an ability to communicate with other realms of existence. They will also "know" intuitively how to keep out of harm’s way, to avoid the places in danger of Earth changes and learn to "feel" where it is safe for them. Becoming attuned to the natural forces in this planet awakens an inner guidance system and increases the confidence in trusting those feelings.........
Full Planatery Coverage
Full Planatery Coverage
We're All Still Here.
No terrorist attacks or
errant missile launches marked
the start of Y2K. Indeed,
midnight on December 31, 1999,
came and went with only minor glitches.
Y2K the Planet
Support pesticide reform!
Pesticide Action Network
Fertilizer levels that the Environmental Protection Agency says are safe for human drinking water can kill some species of
frogs and toads, according to a new study.
Earth Changes , and the Millennium
A 200 metric ton
rock from space streaked across the skies of western Canada on January 18, 2000
Back to Planetary Cycles main page
View the Solar system And see the alignment of all the planets as they are now.
Windows to the Universe! The purpose of this web site is to develop an insightful and specific Look at the Earth and Her ongoing Real Eyes.
, World and Space Science
Earth Changes , and the Millennium.
Continue to Archives: 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002
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